3rd Summer School on Argumentation: Computational and Linguistic Perspectives

6th - 10th September 2018

Program

Programme Overview

The program will consist of four types of tutorials: (1) the introduction to argumentation theory; (2) the presentation of COMMA leading themes (COMMA tutors); (3) the presentation of links between argumentation studies and research in Poland (Warsaw tutors); (4) the presentation of contemporary advances in argumentation theory (SSA tutors). The school will also feature the Student Session which will consist of contributed talks, posters and discussions with mentors. There are also several social events scheduled for the duration of SSA 2018. The preliminary overview of the programme is given below.

Thursday 6th Sept Friday 7th Sept Saturday 8th Sept Sunday 9th Sept Monday 10th Sept
09:15-09:30 Welcome
09:30-11:00 Introductory Tutor 1 Introductory Tutor 2 SSA Tutor 2 SSA Tutor 3 COMMA Tutor 1
11:00-11:20 Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break
11:20-12:50 SSA Tutor 1 Warsaw Tutor 1 Warsaw Tutor 2 Warsaw Tutor 3 SSA Tutor 4
12:50-14:10 Lunch break Lunch break Lunch break Lunch break Lunch break
14:10-15:40 Student Session I SSA Tutor 1 SSA Tutor 3 SSA Tutor 5 SSA Tutor 5
15:40-16:00 Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break Coffee break
16:00-17:30 Student Session II SSA Tutor 2 SSA Tutor 4 Mentoring Session COMMA Tutor 2
18:00 Welcome to Warsaw
(sightseeing tour)
Welcome Reception Social Dinner

Tutors

(1) Introductory tutorials

Michał Araszkiewicz, Faculty of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University Poland
Tutorial: Introduction to argumentation theory across disciplines: AI and law (Introductory Tutorial 1, with Koszowy)

Michał Araszkiewicz PhD (Legal Theory, 2010) – post-doc in the Department of Legal Theory at the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University. The President of the ArgDiaP Association. Member of the Executive Commitee of International Association for Artificial Intelligence and Law (IAAIL). He has published more that 50 journal papers, monograph chapters and refereed workshop papers on legal theory, AI and Law, argumentation, legal epistemology, economic analysis of law, dispute resolution. PhD student at the Faculty of Philosophy, Co-editor of three contributed Springer volumes. Legal advisor (member of the Bar Council in Kraków).

Marcin Koszowy, Faculty of Law, University of Białystok Poland
Tutorial: Introduction to argumentation theory across disciplines: Philosophy and rhetoric (Introductory Tutorial 1, with Araszkiewicz)

Marcin Koszowy is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy and History of Law at the University of Białystok, postdoctoral researcher in the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and member of the Centre for Argument Technology (ARG-tech). His research interests cover argumentation and dialogue, arguments from authority in deliberative discourse and in legal argumentation, dialogical ethos, and argument mining. Marcin serves as deputy president of the ArgDiaP Association that coordinates the activities of the Polish School of Argumentation. He has published 30 peer-reviewed papers, co-edited 6 special journal issues, and delivered 15 invited talks in Canada, Poland and Portugal.

Katarzyna Budzynska, Centre for Argument Technology, Polish Academy of Sciences & University of Dundee Poland & UK
Tutorial: Introduction to argumentation theory across disciplines: Computer science and computational linguistics (Introductory Tutorial 2, with Debowska-Kozlowska)

Katarzyna (Kasia in short) Budzynska is an associate professor (senior lecturer) in the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland), and a lecturer & Dundee fellow at Computing at the University of Dundee (UK). Her work focuses on communication structures of argumentation, dialogue and ethos. She is a member of the Centre for Argument Technology (ARG-tech) and a head of Computational Ethos Lab (CELab) which develops technologies for extracting, processing and visualising the information about the character of speakers. Budzynska has published 2 books and over 70 peer-reviewed papers, amongst which 19 appeared in international journals such as “Artificial Intelligence”, “Argumentation” and “ACM Transactions on Internet Technology”.  In 2008, she co-founded, and has since then, coordinated the activities of a nationwide initiative ArgDiaP the main goal of which is to support the cooperation of representatives of the Polish School of Argumentation.

Kamila Debowska-Kozlowska, Department of Pragmatics of English, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań Poland
Tutorial: Introduction to argumentation theory across disciplines: Linguistics and psychology (Introductory Tutorial 2, with Budzynska)

Kamila Debowska-Kozlowska is Assistant Professor in the Department of Pragmatics of English at the Faculty of English at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland. She works on argumentation and persuasion from the perspective of experimental, cognitive, affective, linguistic and social pragmatics. She has published in top journals such as Argumentation and has given talks on her research in The Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, UK and Australia where she has cooperated with other researchers in argumentation and cognitive linguistics. She is a member of a nationwide initiative ArgDiaP that supports the cooperation of representatives of the Polish School of Argumentation. She is a co-organiser of Warsaw Reasoning Week that will take place in Warsaw, Poland in September 2018.

(2) COMMA tutors

Francesca Toni, Department of Computing, Imperial College London UK
Tutorial: Machine arguing: theories, systems and applications (COMMA Tutor 1)
Abstract

Francesca Toni is Professor in Computational Logic in the Department of Computing, Imperial College London, UK, and the funder and leader of the CLArg (Computational Logic and Argumentation) research group. Her research interests lie within the broad area of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning in Artificial Intelligence, and in particular include Argumentation, Logic-Based Multi-Agent Systems, Logic Programming for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Non-monotonic and Default Reasoning. She graduated, summa cum laude, in Computing at the University of Pisa, Italy, in 1990, and received her PhD in Computing in 1995, from Imperial College London. She has coordinated two EU projects, received funding from EPSRC and the EU, and awarded a Senior Research Fellowship from The Royal Academy of Engineering and the Leverhulme Trust. She is currently Technical Director of the ROAD2H EPSRC-funded project. She has co-chaired ICLP2015 (the 31st International Conference on Logic Programming), is currently co-chair of KR 2018 (the 16th Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning). She is a member of the steering committe of AT (Agreement Technologies), the Executive Committee of the Board of ALP (the Association for Logic Programming), corner editor on Argumentation for the Journal of Logic and Computation, and in the editorial board of the Argument and Computation journal and the AI journal.

Marcello D’Agostino, Department of Philosophy, University of Milan Italy
Tutorial: Depth-bounded reasoning and formal argumentation (COMMA Tutor 2)
Abstract

Marcello D’Agostino is currently Professor of Logic at the Dept. of Philosophy, University of Milan, Italy. From 1987 to 1991 he was a doctoral student at the Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford where received his Ph.D. with a thesis on the computational complexity of logical calculi. After his PhD he was employed with research positions at the Department of Computing, Imperial College, London (1991-1995), in the Logic and Computation Group directed by D.M. Gabbay. He then moved to the University of Ferrara in 1996 as assistant professor and qualified as full professor in 2001. In 2015 he moved to the University of Milan where he is now Director of the Doctoral school in Philosophy and human sciences.

(3) Warsaw tutors

Barbara Dunin-Kęplicz, Institute of Informatics, University of Warsaw Poland
Tutorial: Realistic models of beliefs in a paraconsistent and paracomplete setting (Warsaw Tutor 1, with Szalas)

Barbara Dunin-Kęplicz is a full Professor of Computer Science at the Institute of Informatics of University of Warsaw and, formerly, also at the Institute of Computer Science of Polish Academy of Sciences. Her research interests concentrate around logics in computer science and artificial intelligence, including paraconsistent, paracomplete and doxastic reasoning. She works on unconventional models used in reasoning about dialogues and action and change. She is a recognised expert in multiagent systems and one of the pioneers in the area of modelling BDI systems. She co-authored a book “Teamwork in multiagent systems. A formal approach” and published over 100 journal and conference papers as well as book chapters.

Andrzej Szalas, Institute of Informatics, University of Warsaw and Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Linköping, Sweden Poland & Sweden
Tutorial: Realistic models of beliefs in a paraconsistent and paracomplete setting (Warsaw Tutor 1, with Dunin-Kęplicz)

Andrzej Szałas is a full Professor of computer science at the Institute of Informatics of Warsaw University, Poland and at the Department of Computer and Information Science of Linköping University, Sweden. He works in the area of logics in computer science and artificial intelligence. His scientific interests include non-classical logics, second-order logic, paraconsistent and paracomplete reasoning, commonsense reasoning, approximate reasoning, modal and doxastic reasoning, rule languages, databases and descriptive complexity. He (co-)authored 6 books and over 130 journal and conference papers. He is also a consultant for IT companies.

Dariusz Kalociński, Institute of Philosophy, University of Warsaw Poland
Tutorial: Modelling semantic negotiation (Warsaw Tutor 2)

Dariusz Kalociński is an assistant professor in the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Warsaw (Poland), affiliated with the Department of Logic. Currently, he is a postdoctoral researcher in the Social Models of Semantics Learning: Acquisition and Evolution of Quantifier Meaning project, led by Nina Gierasimczuk, and funded by the Polish National Science Centre (NCN). His research interests lie in language learning and language evolution, especially in the context of more abstract semantic entitites such as quantifiers. He is interested in how various pressures, such as social influence or communicative efficiency, help shaping natural language, and how this influence might be captured in formal models. Apart from language-related topics, his work focuses on computability theory, including computational complexity and recursive function theory.

Dominik Sypniewski, Faculty of Administration and Social Sciences, Warsaw University of Technology Poland
Tutorial: TBA (Warsaw Tutor 3)

Dr Dominik Sypniewski is a head of real estate&constructions practice in Góralski&Goss Legal. His professional expertise covers administrative law issues related particularly to real estate, the investment and construction process (zoning and construction law) and real estate transactions of different type. He is also assistant Professor at the Faculty of Administration and Social Science of the Warsaw University of Technology. He graduated law at Warsaw University as well as public economics at the Warsaw School of Economics. During his academic career he was a visiting scholar at Georgetown University Law Centre as a fellow of Polish-U.S. Fulbright Commission and short-term visiting lecturer in Turkey, Portugal, Estonia and South Korea. Author of He has written many publications on real estate and administrative law and co-authored a commentary on Construction Law (LexisNexis) and template letters, filings and agreements related to real estate and the investment and construction process (Wolters Kluwer). Member of Warsaw Bar Association.

(4) SSA tutors (list to be extended)

Manfred Stede, Discourse Research Lab, University of Potsdam Germany
Tutorial: Argumentative Microtexts: A multi-layer and multi-purpose corpus for theoretical and applied studies of argumentation (SSA Tutor 1)
Abstract

Manfred Stede is a professor of Applied Computational Linguistics at the University of Potsdam/Germany, where he directs the Discourse Research Lab. His work revolves around different aspects of discourse structure, and in recent years has focused on the manual and automatic annotation of argumentative structures. Much of this work used the “argumentative microtext corpus”, which is a collection of short texts that have been annotated on a variety of different layers and thus allow for studying argumentation from different angles. Other current research projects investigate the role of discourse connectives for shallow discourse parsing, and the differences in creating coherence in spoken versus written language, and with social media as an in-between mode.

Floris Bex, Department of Information and Computing Sciences (ICS), Utrecht University & Tilburg Institute for Law and Society (TILT), Tilburg University Netherlands
Tutorial: Computational Argumentation for Legal and Forensic Reasoning (SSA Tutor 3)

Floris Bex is Professor of Data Science and the Judiciary (TILT) and Assistant Professor Intelligent Systems (ICS). He is interested in how people reason, how this reasoning can be captured in formal models and how it can be supported and improved using AI technologies. His main area of investigation are the computational, philosophical, linguistic and legal aspects of argumentation, linking mathematical models with more natural representations of argument and discourse. Floris is keen to improve argumentation practice by developing tools that can be used to analyse and make transparent complex reasoning involving (big) data. His main application area concerns legal & forensic reasoning.

Jean Goodwin, Department of Communication , North Carolina State University US
Tutorial: Argumentative dialogues without dialogue types (SSA Tutor 4)
Abstract

Jean Goodwin is SAS Institute Distinguished Professor of Communication at North Carolina State University, and a member of the Leadership in Public Science cluster. Her work is in rhetoric, focusing on civic argumentation and in particular on the communication of science in policy controversies, on the normative dimensions of arguing, and on the reasonableness of taking an expert’s statements on trust. Goodwin received her bachelor’s degree in mathematics and her J.D. from the University of Chicago, and her Ph.D. in communication arts from the rhetoric program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her essays have been published in international journals in communication, philosophy and the sciences. She has served as a consultant on initiatives by the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Union of Concerned Scientists to define the appropriate roles of scientists as advocates.

Patrick Saint-Dizier, ADRIA / ILPL, Institut de Recherches en Informatique de Toulouse France
Tutorial: Linguistic knowledge representation and argument mining technology (SSA Tutor 5)

Patrick Saint-Dizier, PhD, is a senior researcher in Computational Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence at CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), IRIT, Toulouse, France. He is specialized in Natural Language Processing applied to discourse, argumentation, and semantic analysis. He has also contributed to logic programming for NLP. Concerning argument mining, he developed research around knowledge-based argument mining and methods to generate argument synthesis after a mining process. In connex areas, he developed research in non-verbal rhetoric and argumentation in music. He has been involved in several national, European and France-Asia projects dedicated to question-answering, semantic processing, argumentation and technical text analysis. Besides foundational research, he has a long practice and experience of research and development activities leading to available language resources (verbs, prepositions) and software prototypes such as , LELIE and LELIO.

Machine arguing: theories, systems and applications

Within AI, argumentation is about empowering machines with the capability to argue, so as to resolve conflicts, fill gaps in incomplete information and provide explanations for any outcomes obtained by machine arguing. In this tutorial I will overview a variety of existing theories for modeling argumentation in AI, including abstract, (some forms of) bipolar and (some forms of) structured argumentation frameworks, under a variety of so-called semantics, ranging from extension-based, labelling-based, and gradual semantics; I will also touch upon extensions of these frameworks with preferences and probabilities. I will then provide an overview and hands-on session on a number of argumentation systems, including abaplus, Arg&Dec and proxdd and abagraph (all available here). I will conclude with an illustration of a number of concrete applications of machine arguing, in medical, legal and social settings.

Argumentative Microtexts: A multi-layer and multi-purpose corpus for theoretical and applied studies of argumentation

In this tutorial, we first introduce an annotation scheme for the structure of argumentation in texts, and students will practice with annotating sample texts, which offer different kinds of difficulties. We then turn to the task of building these structures automatically and present two different technical approaches for doing so. Finally, we look "beyond" the bare tree structures that represent the argumentative relations (different kinds of support and attack) between units, and we consider additional layers of annotation that enrich the explanatory power: argumentation schemes, implicit assumptions, and certain semantic aspects of the textual units.

Argumentative dialogues without dialogue types

Pragmatic theories model argumentation as dialogues among agents in which standpoints are advanced and challenged. These theories encourage us to shift attention from formalizations of (informal) logics to formalizations of social practices. One common approach assumes that dialogues come in types determined by goals, having rules that ensure the goals will be reached. This presentation lays out an alternative approach—one that does not invoke dialogue types, common goals or pre-established rules. According to the normative pragmatic program, the orderly exchange of arguments is an achievement of the agents themselves; it is designed. In particular, agents create local norms governing their interaction by taking on carefully tailored responsibilities for what they are saying. We will consider two paradigm cases: how experts give their utterances authoritative force, and how advocates create circumstances in which their proposals will receive serious consideration. In addition, we will test out the the normative pragmatic approach by applying it to ordinary argumentative discourse.